Archive for the ‘Dervis’ Category

The Road to Turtle Bay: The Economist

June 16, 2006

Kemal Dervis has also been mentioned as a candidate. He is the Secretary-General of the UN Development Program, and is generally considered to be an extremely talented and successful chief of that organization.

Like Shashi Tharoor, he has had a career in international institutions, with a detour as Finance Minister of Turkey in 2001 and 2002 and then a Parliamentarian and leader of a liberal party from 2002 to 2005, when he was appointed by Kofi Annan to UNDP SG.

Prior to his work in Turkey, he spent 24 years working for the World Bank, focusing primarily on Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa. He ended his career there with the title Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management.

Like Shashi Tharoor, Dervis has spent most of his adult life living in the United States and in Europe. His Ph.D. is from Princeton, his undergraduate degree is from LSE, and he taught briefly at the Middle Eastern Technical University and Princeton before going to the World Bank.

Dervis has also served in a number of organizations that have had a clear European focus. For example, European and international networks including the Global Progressive Forum and the Progressive Governance Network. For a sample of his thinking, he wrote this piece which advocates for weighted voting:

It is important to stress that a United Nations adapted to the needs and realities of the 21st century should be the overall institutional setting for both the political and the economic sphere. The current arrangements still reflecting the post Second World War settlement need to be replaced by new ones, based on representation of constituencies, weighted votes and universal participation, and the policies of the institutions must adjust to the needs of today’s world.

Ultimately, Dervis's issue is not that he is not qualified. It is whether he is Asian. Turkey is part of WEOG (Western European and Other Group). The bulk of his experience places him in Europe. His is pro-Washington and pro-Western. Can he get past that with the developing world? Probably his experience at UNDP helps. But is he Asian enough for China? And "developing" enough for everyone else? And what about being a citizen of a NATO country on the Russian border?

And it is whether he represents a challenge to the current UNSC. Is he right? Probably yes. Is that acceptable? Maybe no.

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Warren Hoge on the candidates

June 7, 2006

This is an excerpt from the transcript of Ban Ki-moon's CFR speech. First, Warren Hoge, the emcee, from the NYT identified a list of candidates that are being taken seriously in NY:

But to give you an indication of the free-for-all nature of the present race, at the moment the people who are being talked about include a Jordanian prince, a Turkish economist, a Nobel laureate from Sri Lanka, Sweden's most accomplished diplomat, two Eastern European presidents, and even, as you all probably know, Bill Clinton. Don't hold your breath on the last one.

Our thoughts:

First, we assume that "Nobel laureate from Sri Lanka" is an error and that he meant something like "a Nobel laureate and a Sri Lankan". We don't know of any Nobel laureates of Sri Lankan origin. So we assume that he means Jayanthana Dhanapala and Jose Ramos-Horta, a Nobel laureate and Foreign Minister from East Timor. However,  East Timor is nearing political collapse and Ramos-Horta's leadership may be needed at home.

Second, it's interesting that Sathirathai is not on the list. The collapse of his country's government has surely had an impact on his candidacy despite recent attempts to revive it. There may also be human rights concerns about the treatment of Muslims in southern Thailand. Similarly, he doesn't mention Shashi Tharoor, who is sometimes discussed as the insider candidate.

Third, we suspect that the world is not about to elect a prince to be the "secular pope" when the spread of democracy is a major theme for at least one of the P5 countries.

Fourth, there are more comments about Kemal Dervis, the Turkish economist. Dervis appears to be a powerful candidate, however one wonders if the Chinese would accept him as an Asian. Turkey is in the WEOG group. However, Dervis has one of the most successful records in International Organizations.

FP on the candidates

June 6, 2006

This is a reprint of a Foreign Policy article on the UNSG race.

Jayantha Dhanapala

Why he’ll get the job: The Sri Lankan presidential advisor is one of three men—all Asian—who have openly thrown their hats into the ring. Traditionally, the post has rotated from region to region, and Asia is next in line. (The last Asian who held the post was U Thant of Burma, whose term expired in 1971.) Considered by many in the diplomatic community to be the front-runner, the former under secretary-general for disarmament knows how to navigate the United Nations inside and out. The 67-year-old also has the right temperament for the job: He’s self-effacing, likeable, and effective. In addition to Sinhalese, French, and English, he also speaks Mandarin, which should be a big plus with Beijing.

Why he won’t: When the pressing issue facing the world body is reform, being a familiar face at the United Nations may be a strike against him. After 10 years of Kofi Annan, the ultimate U.N. insider, the Security Council could want someone from outside the system. Also, as the former secretary-general of the Sri Lankan peace process, Dhanapala’s chances may be hurt by the rising conflict between the Singhalese and the Tamils on his island nation.

Odds: 6 to 1

Ban Ki Moon

Why he’ll get the job: South Korea’s minister of foreign affairs and trade has been spending a lot of time campaigning in New York lately. Sixty-one-year-old Ban, a lifelong diplomat, is well liked by the United States and China, which, as permanent members of the Security Council, have veto power over any candidate. Also, Ban’s prominent role in North Korea’s six-party talks has raised his diplomatic profile at the right time.

Why he won’t: Some argue the nuclear talks are so important, the Security Council might prefer that he stay on the Korean Peninsula and see the negotiations through, without the distraction of the rest of the world’s problems. Plus, Asia isn’t united behind Ban’s bid; Southeast Asia wants one of its own to get the corner office.

Odds: 15 to 2

Surakiart Sathirathai

Why he’ll get the job: The deputy prime minister and former foreign minister of Thailand was the first candidate to openly campaign for the U.N. secretary-general post. The job has traditionally gone to a citizen of a nonaligned country, and Surakiart fits that bill. Plus, he has the most support from Asia. All 10 member nations of ASEAN have endorsed his candidacy.

Why he won’t: Surakiart, an early favorite, might have been campaigning a little too aggressively, a little too early. Controversial Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, Surakiart’s biggest champion, could also be his downfall. His crackdown on Muslims in southern Thailand doesn’t play well among Muslim U.N. members. Surakiart has also expressed public opposition to the International Criminal Court. And, at only 47 years old, some may believe he’s a little too young to lead the world body.

Odds: 15 to 2

Kemal Dervis

Why he’ll get the job: Kofi Annan has said the next U.N. leader should be Asian. The United States has said the most-qualified candidate should get the job. Others have suggested that since Eastern Europe has emerged as a power in its own right, it deserves a shot at the top spot. As a Turkish citizen, the 57-year-old well-respected World Bank alum could be the perfect compromise candidate. And as head of the U.N. Development Programme since August, he’s already earned respect for running an efficient program. Consider Dervis to be at the top of the dark-horse list.

Why he won’t: He says he doesn’t want it. Then again, the United Nations’ first secretary-general, Norway’s Trygve Lie, also said he didn’t want the top spot.

Odds: 12 to 1

Aleksander Kwasniewski

Why he’ll get the job: The 51-year-old Eastern European has all the trimmings of a world leader—he’s young, energetic, telegenic, and a former head of state. By securing membership in NATO and cultivating closer ties with the European Union (EU), the former president of Poland proved that he understands how international institutions work. Plus, the reformed communist backed U.S. President George W. Bush in invading Iraq.

Why he won’t: He backed U.S. President George W. Bush in invading Iraq. It’s hard to imagine the French forgiving that. Besides, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has privately said that there’s no way he’d allow Kwasniewski to take the post.

Odds: 18 to 1

Vaira Vike-Freiberga

Why she’ll get the job: Nicknamed the “Baltic Iron Lady,” Vike-Freiberga is the only female candidate whose name has been seriously bandied about. The 68-year-old Latvian president has an impressive record for someone who’s been in politics for only seven years, getting Latvia across the NATO and EU finish line. She has a compelling personal story, too. A psychologist by training, she was born in Latvia and spent her early years in German refugee camps before immigrating to Canada. She returned to Latvia in 1998 to run a government information agency, and ran for president as an independent the following year.

Why she won’t: Russia.

Odds: 20 to 1

Bill Clinton

Why he’ll get the job: Everybody loves Bubba. Since leaving office in 2001, the former U.S. president has circumnavigated the globe countless times, spreading goodwill, helping tsunami victims in Southeast Asia, raising money to combat AIDS, and glad-handing everyone and everything within sight. He loves to talk. He loves to give speeches. He loves to hold court. What wouldn’t he like about the job?

Why he won’t: He’s American. The U.N. secretary-general has never come from a permanent member of the Security Council. Plus, the current president and Hillary may not agree about much, but neither wants to see the former president steal their thunder.

Odds: 1000 to 1